- A traditional vertically held english bow used between the 13th and 16th centuries.The weapon of the archer, used for launching arrows, developed in Europe. Compare it with the shorter composite bow of the Saracen, which had a shorter draw but was easier to use from horseback. Longbows were the preferred weapon of the English after the middle 14th century, Edward III recognizing the power of massed artillery (archers) used in combination with dismounted cavalry and infantry. The longbow, with a draw from 30-36", could launch an arrow more than 300 yards, deadly against opponents not defended by plate armour.
Medieval glossary. 2014.